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White PALSave logo against green backgroundPALNI Affordable Learning Program


Academic Freedom

  • Faculty’s ability to explore and select learning resources for their academic topic in their classroom without undue restrictions.


  • To take an existing work and make it more suitable to a user’s specific purpose.  Open educational resources can be adapted because of the way they are licensed

Admin Team

  • A team set up to plan, administer, and evaluate projects or programs across PALNI. In this case, the PALSave Admin Team centrally administers PALNI Affordable Learning for the consortium


  • To choose and implement an educational resource (textbook or other) for use in a course

Adoption Rate

  • The percentage of faculty who adopt an open text after attending a workshop and writing a review: 45%

Affordable Education Initiatives Task Force

  • The PALNI group that first completed a landscape scan of consortial affordable learning programs and recommended the multi-component PALSave plan

Affordable Learning

  • A program consisting of products, services, and methods that help mitigate the rising costs of higher education, often focusing on open educational resources and library-licensed content


  • An instructional design tool to support e-learning


  • The progressive stages recommended by the Open Education Network for an Open Educational Resource (OER) program
  • Awareness: Having heard of, but not having substantive knowledge of OER.  This can be achieved through passive communication methods, such as email.
  • Education: Learning about the benefits of OER so that informed decisions can be made. This can be achieved through active communication methods, such as a face-to-face workshop
  • Engagement: Beginning to interact with OER. This can be achieved through evaluation, review, and selection of resources in the Open Textbook Library.

Campus Leaders

  • Individuals on campus with an active interest in rolling out PALSave locally and promoting affordable learning efforts at their institution.  Examples include: administrators, bookstore managers, faculty, instructional designers, and librarians

Campus Partners

  • Departments and entities on campus with a vested interest in student success, which should be consulted and engaged for PALSave’s local implementation. Examples include: Bookstores, Centers for Teaching and Learning, Student Government, Faculty Senate, Marketing

CC-BY (Creative Commons Attribution License)

  • A license that allows any use or reuse of a work as long as the creator is attributed

Community of Practice (CoP)

  • Members of a professional community who are informally bound by what they do and what they learn through their engagement in activities together.  The Open Education Network provides one example of a community of open education practitioners working together.  Another is the relationships PALNI is fostering with instructional designers across the consortium

Consortial Peer Model

  • Several library consortia such as LOUIS and OhioLINK have established successful affordable learning programs, and serve as models for the PALSave program

Content Production

  • The creation of open-access texts that can be shared out with the greater community so that more users can benefit

Course Redesign/Transformation/Conversion

  • The process by which faculty plan their course using new learning materials such as open textbooks.  This process is supported by the PALSave Admin Team and local instructional design experts

Creative Commons (CC)

  • Creative Commons provides a licensing schema that allows creators to define how their works may be used without users having to seek permission. Examples include: CC-BY and CC-BY-SA

Derivative Work

  • A work created using a prior work as its base, such as an adaptation of an open textbook

Drop/Fail/Withdraw (DFW)

  • Each class on a campus tracks the rate at which students drop, fail, or withdraw from a class. A high DFW rate for a class can indicate an ongoing problem and contributes to poor retention


  • Electronic version of a traditional print textbook, often made available through an inclusive access model

Expertise Development

Faculty Workshop

  • A workshop delivered by the PALSave Admin Team designed to educate faculty about affordable learning, particularly the Open Textbook Library, and increase their knowledge about the students’ financial predicament, publishing models, Creative Commons licensing, and sources for open educational resources

Five Rs (Retain, Reuse, Revise, Remix, and Redistribute)

  • The hallmarks of a completely open educational resource.  You can keep, use, edit, combine, and share resources open to the 5 Rs.

Hands-on Support

  • Consultation with faculty and active participation in the process to locate affordable learning resources and integrate them in courses. Closely related to course redesign  

Inclusive Access

  • Access to eTextbooks obtained through a licensing contract with a commercial publisher. This contract allows for first day access to course material at a discounted price, billed to the student as part of their course fees

Instructional Design

  • The process of implementing educational materials and tools in course development in order to optimize learning outcomes; often carried out by an instructional designer

Instructional Technology

  • Software, hardware, and tech tools used in an instructional setting; closely related to instructional design in its relation to the technology side of developing courses


  • A web-based platform offering libraries of subject-based open educational resources, focused on ease of use for creating, customizing, and dissemination of open content.  Recipient of the $5 million grant from the Department of Education, in collaboration with two PALNI-supported institutions

Library Licensed Content

  • Digital materials such as ebooks, databases, and streaming media which are free to students and potentially suitable for use in the classroom


  • A method by which a copyright holder grants permission to use their copyrighted work.  A license only permits usage of the material as outlined in the license language, and the copyright holder retains their copyright


  • In the PALSave context, “local” refers to the campus level.  For example, interviews and surveys are a good way to establish local needs and interest in affordable learning.

Learning Tools Interoperability (LTI)

  • A standard for allowing course materials and tools to be delivered to students via their institution’s learning management system  

Learning Management System (LMS)

  • software application for the administration of educational courses and delivery of digital course materials

Open Educational Resources (OER)

  • Course materials such as open textbooks, which are free to use. They are generally published under a Creative Commons license which indicates acceptable uses such as editing, combining with other OER, and sharing  

OER Commons

  • A repository of open educational resources and other freely available instructional materials

OER Editing Platform

  • A tool used for creating, adapting, and mixing existing open educational resources such as open textbooks, often in conjunction with repositories. Examples include: OER Commons and Pressbooks

OER Repository

  • A collection of open educational resources indexed, delivered, housed, and maintained in the same system, such as OER Commons

OER Referatory

  • A site or system that indexes and points to OER on the web, such as the Open Textbook Library

Open Textbook Library (OTL)

  • A referatory of open textbooks curated by the Open Education Network

Open Education Network (OEN)

  • A group of higher education institutions working together to promote and propagate the use of open textbooks. OEN maintains the Open Textbook Library.

OEN Workshop

  • The daylong visits from Open Education Network representatives to Indiana where campus leaders and partners are trained to rollout PALSave locally

PALSave (PALNI Affordable Learning)

  • PALNI’s overall program created to promote and support awareness, education, and engagement with open and affordable educational materials across its 24 supported campuses


  • A platform for editing and designing books in a publishable format

Primary Contact

  • The person on each campus who will bridge communication between the institution and the PALSave Admin Team


  • In this context, the process by which faculty evaluate and publish their assessment of an open educational resource.  PALSave incentivizes reviews in the Open Textbook Library with a $200 stipend.

SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition)

  • A global coalition that works with a variety of stakeholders to enable the open sharing of educational materials to democratize access to knowledge


  • Monetary incentive for faculty to participate in projects that add to an already heavy workload.  PALSave incentivizes reviews, adoptions, adaptations, and creation of open textbooks

Student Retention

  • Students’ continued attendance at an institution from semester to semester until completion of their degree; closely related to student success

Student Success

  • Evidence that students are achieving and thriving in college, such as good grades, retention, and academic advancement

Support Agencies

  • In this context, membership groups that provide resources and foster communities of practice in open education, such as SPARC and Open Education Network

System Leaders

  • Members of the PALSave Admin Team who were selected to attend the Open Education Network Institute and Summit and to serve as PALSave’s ambassadors to OEN.  System Leaders were trained to deliver faculty workshops at the local level

Talking Points

  • Statements that succinctly demonstrate the need for local affordable learning programs; a method for encouraging campus partner buy-in.  PALSave has prepared talking points as a resource for PALNI’s supported institutions